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Robust Platoon Control in Mixed Traffic Flow Based on Tube Model Predictive Control

A robust platoon control framework is proposed for mixed traffic flow where connected and automated vehicles (CAVs) and human-driven vehicles (HDVs) coexist. The prediction uncertainty is dynamically mitigated by the feedback control and restricted inside a set with a high probability. When the uncertainty exceeds the set or additional external disturbance emerges, the feedforward control is triggered to plan a "tube" (a sequence of sets), which can bound CAVs' actual trajectories. As the replanning process is usually not required, the proposed method is much more efficient regarding computation and communication, compared with the MPC method.

Intelligent driving intelligence test for autonomous vehicles with naturalistic and adversarial environment

Tests for autonomous vehicles are usually made in the naturalistic driving environment where safety-critical scenarios are rare. Feng et al. propose a testing approach combining naturalistic and adversarial environment which allows to accelerate testing process and detect dangerous driving events.

Testing Scenario Library Generation for Connected and Automated Vehicles: An Adaptive Framework

How to generate testing scenario libraries for connected and automated vehicles (CAVs) is a major challenge faced by the industry. In previous studies, to evaluate maneuver challenge of a scenario, surrogate models (SMs) are often used without explicit knowledge of the CAV under test. However, performance dissimilarities between the SM and the CAV under test usually exist, and it can lead to the generation of suboptimal scenario libraries. In this article, an adaptive testing scenario library generation (ATSLG) method is proposed to solve this problem.

Safety assessment of highly automated driving systems in test tracks: A new framework

This paper presents a new safety assessment framework for highly automated driving systems in test tracks. The framework integrates an augmented reality testing platform and a testing scenario library generation method together. The framework has been implemented in Mcity test facility with a SAE Level-4 ADS vehicle. The framework can accelerate the assessment process by multiple orders of magnitude comparing to the on-road test approach.

Testing Scenario Library Generation for Connected and Automated Vehicles, Part II: Case Studies

This paper aims to provide implementation examples and guidelines, and to enhance the proposed methodology under high-dimensional scenarios. Three typical cases, including cut-in, highway-exit, and car-following, are designed and studied in this paper.

Testing Scenario Library Generation for Connected and Automated Vehicles, Part I: Methodology

Testing and evaluation is a critical step in the development and deployment of connected and automated vehicles (CAVs), and yet there is no systematic framework to generate testing scenario library. This study aims to provide a general framework for the testing scenario library generation (TSLG) problem with different operational design domains (ODDs), CAV models, and performance metrics.

A Cooperative Driving Strategy for Merging at On-Ramps Based on Dynamic Programming

A computationally efficient strategy is proposed to obtain the globally optimal passing order based on dynamic programming (DP). Specifically, the problem of merging at on-ramps is resolved by a DP method, which uses the domain knowledge to reduce the complexity by well defining the state space, state transition, and criterion function. With the DP method, it is proved that the globally optimal passing order can be obtained with the quadratic polynomial computational complexity of O(N^2), where N denotes the number of vehicles.

String stability for vehicular platoon control: Definitions and analysis methods

This paper aims to clarify the relationship of ambiguous definitions and various analysis methods of string stability for vehicular platoon control, providing a rigorous foundation for future studies. A series of equivalences are summarized and discussed. The pros and cons of different analysis methods and definitions are discussed, too.

Tube-Based Discrete Controller Design for Vehicle Platoons Subject to Disturbances and Saturation Constraints

Most existing methods for string stability are laborious for implementation without considering either heterogeneous disturbances (e.g., tracking errors and unmodeled dynamics) or saturation constraints (e.g., input saturation). We use feedforward control for large yet infrequent disturbances and feedback control for small yet frequent disturbances. Different from MPC, our feedforward control is event-triggered so that the intervehicle communication and planning costs can be significantly reduced. Different from pure robust feedback control, our combination of feedback and feedforward control could reduce the conservation of the controller.

A better understanding of long-range temporal dependence of traffic flow time series

Both the daily and long-range temporal dependence exert considerable influence on the traffic flow series. The daily temporal dependence creates crossover phenomenon when estimating the Hurst. PCA-based method turns out to be a better method to extract the daily temporal dependence.